The Tramuntana mountains route
The Tramuntana mountains route - Unesco world heritage site

Enjoy the Serra de Tramuntana, located near the hotel

Staying at Predi Son Jaumell Rural Hotel means being in the heart of pure Nature where you can explore internationally important treasures like the Serra de Tramuntana range of mountains, declared World Heritage by Unesco. We are very fortunate that our hotel is located in Capdepera which means you can make excursions into this marvellous natural wonder that is full of history and culture. Discover the impressive Tramuntana mountain range, the towns that are part of it and the variety of flora and fauna that inhabit it:

A cultural landscape with world distinction

Tramuntana is the largest mountain range in the Balearic Islands, stretching 90km long and up to 15km wide. Located in the north-west of Mallorca, its name derives from the tramuntana wind that comes from that direction. It includes a natural landscape of torrents, dry stones, sumptuous roads, rural estates and small towns, covering a total of 63,084 hectares. It also includes major peaks such as Puig Major (1443m) and Puig de Massanella (1348m).

But its natural wealth does not end there. It also includes the Sa Dragonera Natural Park, Natural Areas of Special Interest, the marine reserves of the island of Toro and the Malgrats Islands, as well as the natural monuments of Torrent de Pareis and Fonts Ufanes.

Unesco views it as a Cultural Landscape because of the symbiosis between human activity and Nature, which combines culture, traditions, aesthetics, spirituality and identity.

Rich fauna and flora

The wildlife within the Tramuntana mountains is rich in endemic species. And it's no surprise that species that are highly endangered in other parts of Mallorca have survived here. We can see this from the more than 94 species of cave-dwelling invertebrates, as well as vertebrates, such as ospreys and black vultures. You might also see the Mallorcan midwife toad - a tiny amphibian that only lives in temporary accumulations of water from the karst canyons of the mountains.

As regards flora, it's interesting to note that nine species of orchids are found in the mountain range (and nowhere else in the world) along with more than a dozen types of fern. The vegetation includes an abundance of Balearic holm-oaks, plant formations such as wild olive scrub (garrigue), Calcicole shrubland and various groupings of Balearic culminal pine.

Its beautiful villages

The Serra de Tramuntana covers 20 municipal areas, many of which are important world tourist centres. These include Andratx; Alaró, with its impressive St Bartholomew Church; Bunyola, with its Sa Comuna forest - one of the island's largest and most beautiful forests; and Deiá, where the Cala Deiá and Llucalcari beaches are a must-visit.

Source of culture

If there is one thing that distinguishes these mountains from many others it is their cultural landscape, with the many constructions that have been adapted to the natural environment. These include those made of dry stone - a construction technique used since time immemorial and which has served to expand farming areas and take advantage of the water that the territory receives on an irregular basis. The Tramuntana mountains are also have a significant hydraulic heritage - a traditional water engineering system that has been adapted since the 13th century.

In addition, there are a number of watchtowers and defence towers - such as Cala En Basset (Andratx), Trinitat (Valldemossa), Torre Picada (Sóller) and Aubercutx (Pollença) - that look out over the Mediterranean Sea. There is also the Lluc Sanctuary - an architectural collection of buildings that is a place of pilgrimage.

To learn more about the history of this remote place, please visit the local interpretation centres and museums. One of these is Ca s'Amitger, the Tramuntana Mountains Natural Park information centre. Meanwhile Caimari Ethnological Park is an open-air museum featuring dry-stone constructions. It is also worth mentioning the Sóller Botanical Garden and the Balearic Museum of Natural Sciences.

Routes through the mountain range

There are several routes to choose from. These include the Pedra en Sec (dry stone) route, approved as a long-distance route (GR221) and which links old roads that used to connect towns and villages with the farming areas. On this route, you'll also see the Biniaraix ravine, the Massanella mountain and the return to Roig mountain (Lluc).

Another option is to take the Sóller train, a narrow-gauge railway with wooden carriages maintained by craftsmen. This enables you to see some of the wonders described above as well as linking the city with its port.

If you come to stay at Predi Son Jaumell Rural Hotel, we certainly recommend a visit to the impressive Tramuntana mountains.